Chickpea is one of the oldest cash crops and
cultivated in India since ancient times. Chickpea is popularly known as BENGAL
GRAM or CHANA or GRAM in India. Chickpea can be made inti split pulse (dal) and
flour (besan). Variety of dishes,snacks,sweets can be made from chickpea flour.
Major states which produce chickpeas are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh,
Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Farmers are now more aware about this cash crop. By
using VARAD TECHNIQUES and our products we observed that many farmers from different
villages, states took very good yield. We also observed that farmers got
400-1000 bulbs, dana in one plant. Such results inspire us to develop our
ICCV-2, ICCV-37, ICCV-4, ICCV-10
KWR-108, BG-256, L-550, KPG-59
Vijay, ICCV-4, Pusa-240, GG-1, Pusa-1053
Chana-1, GNG-469, Pusa-362, Gora Hisari, Karnal Chana, Gaurav, H-208, H-335,
BBG-1, Haryana Chana-1, L-550
Jammu & KashmirGNG-469,
L-550, PBG-1, Haryana Chana-1
BDN 9-3, ICCV-10, ICCV-2 Annegiri-1
PBG-1, GNG-469, Haryana Chana-1, Gaurav, L-550, C-235, G-543, Pusa-1053, GPF-2,
GNG-469, GNG-663, PBG-1, L-550, Pusa-256, RSG-44, Pusa-1053, PDG 84-1
ICCV-10, BDN 9-3, CO-3, CO-4
KWR-108, Avrodhi, BG-256, K-850, Pant G-186, Pusa-372, Radhey, JG-315, Uday
(KPG-75), Pusa-1003, Pusa- 1053
JG-74, JG-315, Vijay, Pusa-256, Phule G-5, Pusa-1053
Vijay, Phule G-5, Vishal, ICCV-10, Pusa-1053
Radhey, ICCV-10, L-550, Pusa-372, Pusa-1003
KWR-108, KPG-59, BG-256, Pusa-1003
KWR-108, Avrodhi, BG-256, Pant G-114, Pusa-209, L-550, Pusa-1003
Avrodhi, KPG-59, BG-256
The brief description of some of
the important varieties of chick pea is given below:
A.Desi or Small Seeded Varieties
1.Avrodhi:This variety matures in
150-155 days. This is a medium tall, semi erect type variety. Grains are brown
in color. This variety is resistant to wilt disease. Yield potential is 25-30
quintals per hectare.
2.Pant G-186:It was developed at G.B.
Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar. It matures in 125
days. Yield potential is 22-25 quintals per hectare.
3.Gaurav:It matures in 140-145 days.
Plants are medium and semi erect type. Grains are bold and brownish yellow in
color. It's moderately resistant to rust and blight diseases. Yield potential
is 25-30 quintals per hectare.
4.Uday (KP-75):It matures in 140-145 days.
This variety is suitable for late planting. Grains are medium in size and brown
in color. It is moderately resistant to wilt. Yield potential is 20-25 quintals
5.Pusa-256:It matures in 145-150 days.
Grains are bold and brown in color. This variety is equally suitable for timely
and late planting. It is resistant to Ascochyta blight. Yield potential is
22-25 quintals per hectare.
6.Pusa-362:It matures in 145-155 days.
Grains are medium in size. This variety is suitable for late planting in
irrigated conditions; it is resistant to wilt disease. Yield potential is 25-30
quintals per hectare.
7.Pusa-372:It matures in 120-140 days.
Grains are medium in size. This variety is susceptible to wilt disease and
suitable for late planting. Yield potential is 18-22 quintals per hectare.
8.JG-315:This variety matures in
145-150 days. It is suitable for growing in rainfed areas. This variety is
resistant to wilt disease. Yield potential is 25-30 quintals per hectare.
9.Haryana Chana-1:This matures in 135-145
days. Plants are dwarf with light green leaves. Grains are bright yellow in
color. It is resistant to wilt disease and tolerant to pod borer. It is also
suitable for late planting. Yield potential is 22-25 quintals per hectare.
10.Gora Hisari:It matures in 140-150 days.
Grains are bold and light brown in color with good cooking quality. This
variety is suitable for irrigated areas only. Yield potential is 18-20 quintals
11.K-850:This variety was developed
at C.S.Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur from a cross Banda
local and Etah bold. It is medium tall (45-60 centimeters) with upright growth
habit. It is an early variety maturing in 145-150 days. Flowers are violet.
Pods mostly double seeded. Seeds are round, smooth, reddish-brown, attractive
and very bold (340g/1000 seeds). This variety has been released for whole of
Uttar Pradesh. It has a yield potential of 25-30 quintals per hectare.
12.Pant G-114:It was developed from a
cross G-130 and 1540. It is a medium maturing variety (150 days) having
semi-erect, light green foliage. The seeds are brown and of medium size. The
variety is moderately resistant to blight. It has high yield potential (30-35
quintals per hectare) and wide adaptation and consistency in performance in
entire northern plains of the country.
13.H-208:This is a medium tall,
semi-spreading and medium maturing variety. It has light green foliage. Seed is
brown and medium bold. This variety has been developed at Haryana Agricultural
University, Hisar. It is susceptible to the blight disease. Its average yield
is 25-30 quintals per hectare.
14.H-355:Developed from a cross
G-140 and 526 in 1977. It matures in about 160 days. It is suitable for
irrigated and wilt prone areas. Seeds are small in size and brownish-yellow in
color. Its average yield is 20-25 quintals per hectare, it is especially
suitable for wilt prone areas of Madhya Pradesh.
15.Radhey:It is a medium maturing
variety (150 days). Plants are tall, semi-spreading with light green foliage.
Flowers are pink in color. Seeds are smooth, light brown and bold. It is
suitable for growing in eastern, Central and Bundelkhand tracts of Uttar
Pradesh. It has yield potential of 25-30 quintals per hectare.
16.C-235:It is an outstanding
variety, which is not affected even in years of severe epiphytotics of gram
blight. It is fairly early maturing (145-150 days) and stem rot and blight
tolerant. Seeds are yellowish-brown and medium in size. This is suitable for
growing in Punjab and Haryana. The average yield is 20-25 quintals per hectare
though it has a maximum yield potential of 30-35 quintals per hectare.
17.G-543:It has dwarf stature as
compared to C-235. In total number of branches, number of pods per plant, it is
slightly superior to C-235. It has better resistant to gram blight and wilt
than C-235. It is highly resistant to foot blight whereas C-235 is moderately
susceptible. It gives about 20-25 quintals of grain per hectare. It is
recommended to grow in Punjab and Haryana.
18.BR-78:It is selection from local
material. It is semi-erect and bushy in growth habit. Leaves are of dark green
color with a rough surface. It matures in about 142-145 days. Seeds are green
and medium in size. Its average yield is about 20 quintals per hectare. It is
suitable to grow in entire Bihar.
19.ST-4:It is a selection from indigenous stock. It is
drought resistant. It is brown seeded, semi-spreading type. It matures in about
155-158 days. It has a yield potential of 20-25 quintals per hectare. It is
suitable for growing in Ajmer and Kota divisions of Rajasthan.
20.RS-10:It is a selection from
indigenous stock. It is drought resistant. It is brown seeded semi-spreading
type. It matures in about 155-158 days. It has a yield potential of 20-25
quintals per hectare. It is suitable for growing in heavy soils of South Bihar.
21.RS-11:It is a white flowered
mutant from RS-10. It is drought resistant. Seeds are medium bold and brown in
color. It is medium in maturity. It has yield potential of 20-25 quintals per
hectare. It is suitable for growing in heavy soils and irrigated conditions of
22.PUSA-209:It was developed at
I.A.R.I, New Delhi, from a cross P-827 and C-235 and was released for general
cultivation in 1980 for Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.
The crop matures in about 145-165 days. Plant height is about 65 cm. Seeds are
attractive and medium bold (135 g/1000 seeds) and light brown in color. Its
yield potential is about 25-30 quintals per hectare.
23.BDN- 9-3:it is a selection from
Badanpur developed in 1978. It matures in 95-100 days. Seeds are
yellowish-brown. Its average yield is 10-12 quintals per hectare. It is
suitable for growing in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
24.Annegri-1:It is an early maturing
variety (100 days) developed from a selection in Karnataka. Seeds are
yellowish-brown and of medium size. Its average yield is about 10-15 quintals
25.Phule G-5:It is a pink seeded variety
with medium seed size, round smooth seed coat, preferred for parching purpose.
Its average yield is 12-15 quintals per hectare.
26.C-3:It matures in 90-100 days. Seeds are
yellowish-brown and of medium size. Its average yield is about 15 quintals per
27.B-124:It was developed from a
cross N-31 and B-75. It matures in 135-140 days. It is a small seeded variety.
Its yield potential is about 24 quintals per hectare. It is suitable for
growing in West Bengal.
A.Kabuli Gram Varieties
1.C-104:It is medium in maturity,
seeds are of salmon color and very bold. It is suitable for growing in the
irrigated areas in Punjab. In Uttar Pradesh also, it has given very good yield.
It should be avoided in humid areas where there is severe attack of blight
disease. The average yield is 15-20 quintals per hectare. This variety is
suitable for culinary purposes. Its seeds are creamy white and have almost
double the size of desi gram.
2.L-550:It is tall, semi-spreading,
medium maturing variety with light green foliage. It is very early in flowering
among the kabuli types and matures about ten days earlier than C-104. It
matures in 160 days. Its average yield is about 18-22 quintals per hectare. It
has shown consistently higher yield in the northern plains and central zone of
3.L-144:It is a tall and quick
growing in irrigated areas of Haryana and Punjab. Seeds are bold and
whitish-orange. The average yield is 12-15 quintals per hectare.
4.Pusa-1003:It matures in 130-135 days.
This variety is suitable for growing in irrigated conditions. Seeds are bold.
This variety is resistant to wilt. Yield potential is 28 quintals per hectare.
5.Pusa-1053:It matures in 130-140 days.
This variety is suitable for timely planting in irrigated conditions. Seeds are
extra bold. It is essential to wilt disease. Yield potential is 25 quintals per
6.Sadabahar:It matures in 145-160 days.
Grains are green in color. It is tolerant to wilt. Its yield potential is 25-30
quintals per hectare.
It can be grown on wide variety of soils.
Sandy loam to clay is considered to be most suitable soil for gram cultivation.
Soil having water logging problem are not suitable for cultivation. Saline
alkaline soil are not suitable. pH in the range of 5.5-7 is ideal for sowing.
Avoid sowing of same crop continuously in field. Follow proper crop rotation.
Crop rotation with cereals help in controlling soil borne disease. Common
rotation are Kharif fallow-chick pea, Kharif fallow-gram wheat/barley/raya.
Chari-gram, bajra-gram, rice/maize-gram.
Chickpea is a cool season annual crop performing
optimally in 70° to 80°F daytime temperatures and 64° to 70°F night
temperatures. They produce good yields in drier conditions because of their
deep tap root. Heavier rainfall seasons (over 30 in. annually) show reduced
yields due to disease outbreaks and stem lodging problems from the excessive
vegetative growth. Areas with lighter, well distributed rainfall patterns have
produced the highest yield and quality chickpea seed.
We observed that chickpea crop have various
disease attack. So it is necessary to do proper cultivation and ploughing of
land for best yield. Before doing rotar give dose of,
·SSP (Single Super
Phosphate) – 1bag
·V-Phorate – 6kg
All above are for one acre.
For low and medium quality land take 22-25
kg seeds per acre.
For high quality land take 15-20 kg
seeds per acre.
·Varad Humic gel
(Humic acid 99%) – 100gm
·Varad Carbo – 50 (Carbendazim 50%WP) – 100gm
litre clean water and mix both ingredients in water and apply on seeds
and let it dry for overnight.
Make sure that
once the paste of humic gel and VCOC is completely dried and applied on all the
seeds . Then only sow it.
If you have good quality land then distance
between two lines should be 2 feet and distance between two seeds should be
8-10 inch. And if you have medium quality land then distance between two lines
should be 1.5 feet.
While sowing apply this dose of fertilizer
for proper growth of plant.
For one Acre Farm,
·20:20:00 – 1bag
·High Power – 10kg
·Shakti Gold (Triacontanol
0.05%GR) – 10kg
15-20 days from sowing
for 15 litre pump
·Varad Humic Gel
(Humic Acid 99%) – 25gm
(Amino Acid 40000PPM) – 5ml
·V- Thoko (Thiophenatemethyl)